Crowd shot masthead ApologetiX Logo Keith Haynie plays bassBill Hubauer plays lead guitarJ. Jackson sings leadJimmy Vegas Tanner plays drums
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as of March 29, 2017

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03.27.17New CD in Stock, ApX 25th Anniversary Today
03.27.17Come to Our 25th Anniversary Show in August
03.25.17Get Our Complete Library on USB
03.24.17How to Donate Online or By Mail
03.24.17Custom ApX Lapel Pins Available
03.24.17Moose Music: Rieger Releases Solo Project
03.24.17New CD in Stock: Buy 1, Get 1 Free
03.21.17New Single Spoofs 70s & 90s
03.21.17Get Multiple Downloads for Any Size Donation
03.21.17What Songs Are on the New CD, Very Vicarious?
03.17.17Australian Fan Encouraged by ApX Song
03.17.17Clues for This Weekend's Single
03.16.17ApX Fan Battles Pancreatic Cancer
03.16.17Apolo-Vet-iX: Dog's Doc Digs ApX
03.09.17"1000 Tracks for 100 Bucks" Ends Sunday
03.09.17The Title and Theme of Our Upcoming 47th CD
03.09.17Jewish Believer in Wyoming is a New ApX Fan
03.09.17ApX Supplies Soundtrack for Sunday Shift
03.07.17Bill "Moose" Rieger Set to Release New CD
03.06.17New Single Spoofs the Swingin' 60's
03.04.17ApX Fan Moving to Nepal for Missions
03.04.17Good News from Peewee Valley KY
03.04.17ApX Singer Does Radio Interview in Clearwater FL
03.04.17Todd Waites Back in States from Nicaragua
03.04.17Clues for Sunday Night's Single
02.22.17Amazing Terry Bradshaw Football Card Testimony
02.22.17Longtime TX Fan Takes ApX with Him to OK
02.22.17Pardon Me, Boy, Was That the Chattanooga New Two?
02.22.17New Single Spoofs Foreigner & Spin Doctors
02.22.17Fan Will Match Your Donations Through Tuesday
02.20.17New Single, Lapel Pins & More
02.16.17From Longtime Fans in California & Alaska
02.16.17From a New Fan in Missouri
02.16.17Virginia Fan Likes Latest CD and Fan Testimonies
02.16.17Clues for Our Next Single
02.16.17Prayer Request for Fan's Mother
02.13.17We Need Help But We Have a Gift For Our Helpers
02.09.17California Fan Echoes Our Sentiments
02.08.17New Single Spoofs Classic Rockers & New Wavers
02.08.17Who Says Pittsburghers Can't Be Oilers Fans?
02.08.17From a New Fan in Florida
02.08.17Missionary Wears ApX Shirt in Nine Nations
02.06.17New Single (70s & 80s), New USBs, 1000 Tracks Deal
02.01.17Clues for Our Next Single
02.01.17ApX "Sirens" Video Impacts Cleveland Congregation
02.01.17Wyoming Woman Uses Us for Sunday School
02.01.17Fan Has Message for Other ApX Fans
01.25.17ApX Keyboardist Becomes a Grandfather
01.25.17Sharing ApX (and the Gospel) on the Job in Oregon
01.25.17"Alexa, Play ApologetiX"
01.25.17Introducing ApX to Apaches in AZ
01.25.17Filipino Pastor is an ApX Fan
01.23.17Prayer Request for Fan's Wife
01.23.17New Single Spoofs '90s & 00's
01.20.17Clues for Sunday's Single
01.16.17Half Off & BOGO Specials End Tuesday Night
01.13.17Fan's Disease is Like "Science Fiction Horror Story"
01.13.17ApX is Standard Missionary Equipment in Mexico?
01.13.17Pastor Encouraged by ApX Song & Songbook
01.13.17"Buy 1 Get 1" New CD Special Ends Tuesday
01.13.17Half Off Ends Tuesday Night
01.05.17Half-Off Sale Ends Soon
01.05.17Songbook Helps Canadian Fan with Daily Devotions
01.05.17One-Year Bible-Reading Plan for Late Starters
01.05.17Wisconsin Fan Gives Away Hundreds of ApX CDs
01.01.17New Year's Single: 70's Superstars
12.29.16USB Drives Back in Stock
12.29.162016: The Year in Music Parody
12.28.16Get Multiple Downloads for Any Size Donation
12.28.16Clues for Our Next Single
12.28.16Encouraging Words from Thailand to Myrtle Beach
12.22.16About Last Week's Tricky Clues
12.22.16ApX Guitarist Gets Engaged
12.22.16ApologetiX Needs Help for Christmas
12.21.16Watching ApX Christmas Videos on YouTube
12.19.16New Single Spoofs 1969 & 1979
12.14.16New CD in Stock: Buy 1, Get 1 Free
12.13.16Deadlines for Delivery Before Christmas
12.13.16Clues for This Weekend's Single
12.12.16New CD in Stock (Buy 1 Get 1), USBs are Back
12.08.16Complete Your ApX Christmas Playlist
12.08.16What Songs Are on the New CD?
12.06.16New Christmas Single Released
12.02.16Clues for Sunday's Christmas Single
12.02.16ApX Gets Rave Review in Christian Musician Magazine
12.01.16ApX Soundman Becomes Amazon Success Story
11.24.16Hubie Hits #7 on the Billboard Charts
11.21.16New Single: #1 Hits from Either End of the 80's
11.18.16Last Wkd in OH & Future Touring
11.18.16New Video: The Sound of Sirens
11.17.16The Title and Theme of Our Upcoming 46th CD
11.17.16Clues for This Weekend's Single
11.17.16Wise Up and Rock is Back in Stock
11.09.16Saturday: Columbus OH with Todd on Keys
11.06.16New Single: 70s Funk & 80s Country
11.03.16New Video: Fishin' on a Pier
11.03.16An Old Favorite CD Returns Soon
11.03.16Congratulations, Jimmy & Keith!
11.03.16Clues for This Weekend's Single
10.30.16Unfortunately We Still Need Help & Prayer

Fanny Crosby: That Christian Parody Hymnist
Sun., Mar. 4. 2007 6:27pm EST

Legend has it that Martin Luther and John & Charles Wesley (of the Methodist Church) rewrote popular music from the taverns to accompany some of their hymns. Recently, church scholars have presented pretty convincing proof that Luther and the Wesleys did NOT do so, and that the legend arose from a misconception about the word "bar tune" or "bar form," which seminary students assumed meant a tune sung in local drinking establishments, but is actually a form of poetry popular in Medieval times -- a different kind of bar altogether.

Although Luther and the Wesleys may not have used parodies, our friend Randy Hyde (an accomplished Christian parody writer himself) discovered recently that another famous hymn writer did:

As you're probably aware, Francis (Fanny) Crosby was one of the most prolific hymn writers of the 1800s (indeed, of all time) having penned the lyrics to something like 9,000 hymns, including many that are still favorites today including "Blessed Assurance", "Pass Me Not Oh Gentle
Savior", and "Safe in the Arms of Jesus." I recently pick up a biography of Fanny Crosby at church (ISBN 1-55748-731-6) and I came across a statement that I figured you would appreciate:

"By the early 1870s, she was well on her way to becoming the queen of hymnvwriters. Fanny often matched her poems to familiar tunes. An example is "We Thank Thee, Our Father," written to the melody of the famous "Adeste Fidelis." She set poems to Scottish and Welsh airs and used tunes by Stephen
Foster."


Thanks Randy! We already were aware that the founder of another very influential evangelical denomination used parodies, too. William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army, an extremely evangelical organization that did much to help the poor and the drunks in the streets, used the music of popular tunes for hymns. In the biography, "William and Catherine Booth: Founders of the Salvation Army," by Helen K. Hosier, it states the following:

"Satan would have to be battled within his own strongholds, and any means was justifiable, William decided, if it would attract sinners to listen to the message of salvation ... Thus it was that as the work grew, the music and street parades attracted increasing crowds of people who scorned the regular churches. 'Why should the devil have all the best tunes?' Williamreplied when chided for appropriating music of popular tunes for his hymns ... "

"The saying that 'the devil has no right to all the good tunes' has been attributed to both William Booth and Charles Spurgeon. But it was George Scott Railton, who was to become William's lieutenant general in 1873 and was well-known as an author and songwriter, who concluded an article 'About Singing' (1874) with this impassioned plea: 'Oh, let us rescue this precious instrument from the clutches of the devil, and make it, as it may be made, a bright and lively power for good!'"

The people in the Salvation Army weren't the first to use secular music for sacred purposes, though. Note the following:

"[The absence of contrast between 'secular' and 'sacred' styles of music in the Middle Ages] 'can be shown simply by the observation that a secular song, if given a set of sacred words, could serve as sacred music, and vice versa. Only recently has it been recognized how frequently such interchange took place, and the more we learn about medieval music, the more important it becomes. The practice of borrowing a song from one sphere and making it suitable for use in the other by the substitution of words is known as "parody" or contrafactum.'

(Source: Manfred F. Bukofzer, 'Popular and Secular Music in England', inThe New Oxford History of Music 3: Ars Nova and the Renaissance, 1300-1540, ed. Anselm Hughes and Gerald Abraham (London: Oxford University Press, 1960), p. 108.)

For more information on contrafactums, please go to:

http://www.soton.ac.uk/~wpwt/notes/contraf.htm